The National Institutes of Health (NIH), an agency of the United States Department of Health and Human Services, has granted more than $400,000 to a research project that involves something unconventional. The University of Alabama has received two grants from NIH that total $402,721 to create a monitoring system involving underwear that can detect when a person smokes cigarettes. So far, the project has produced a “very early prototype” of the monitoring system. The current prototype fits like a vest. The goal of the study (which is expected to last three years) is to “develop a wearable sensor system comprised of a breathing sensor integrated into conventional underwear”.